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Guided Readings in Philosophy
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11th-Jun-2010 05:13 pm - Summary of Introduction, §73-89
§73-75 We must eschew all prolegomenae to thought and but bravely set out thinking.

§76 There can be no foundation for the project of thought but what thought discovers in the conclusions of its projects.

§77-78 Truth can be neither immediately known nor unknowable, but is known in its mediation.

§79 Our negation of the untrue produces a determinate nothingness in which the mediation of the truth is discovered.

§80 The essence of consciousness is to go beyond itself, so too it can be satisfied with only that truth in which it recognizes itself in this beyond.

§81 No criterion of truth is available to science as it comes on the scene.

§82-84 The in itself and the for us are moments of our consciousness of an object, so too is that consciousness the activity of a criterion for knowledge.

§85-86 The pursuit of truth is the activity of consciousness as it educates itself to the task of knowing.

§87 The activity of consciousness in self-education is that reflection on the form of its knowing by which that form is itself posited and negated.

§88-89 The system of these forms exhausts the contents of our science, and the act of this education exhausts its practice.
Hegel concludes now by restating what has already really been grasped: that this process of self-education is itself the science of experience, and no scientific task remains regarding experience but to undergo that education. The contents of this science will be the determinate moments that consciousness adopts for itself through this process, and this in turn must form a finite and coherent system if, as it does, science is to reach a determinate result. (c.f. §80)
What can be present to consciousness are only those objects proper to its given shape. Thus Hegel supposes he may have been misunderstood (c.f. §85-86) to be saying that consciousness finds its object inadequate through the manner of an empirical disproof. Read more...Collapse )
Because the criterion attends on our activity (c.f. §84) our inquiry into it must follow the same path as our inquiry into the science it belongs too: that path of self-education already described (c.f. §77-78) whereby we attend to the activity of consciousness engaging in that inquiry. Read more...Collapse )
If, as argued in §81, science is not furnished with a criterion by which to measure its success, how can this success be sought? Evidently such a criterion in knowledge is the truth, or the nature of things as they are in themselves. Read more...Collapse )
My regrets for the tardiness in finishing up my notes on the introduction. I've altered the dates so the posts fit properly according to the order of the text.

In §80, Hegel had just argued that science cannot have a determinate content if it only negates each presentation in turn, but rather must arrive at a particular conclusion which presents itself as such. Here Hegel raises the question: what, then, is the criterion of truth by which we'll know to have our positive result? Read more...Collapse )
Hegel argues that the path that proceeds through the reflection and negation discussed in §79 is not just a possible one, but one whose necessity arises from the nature of consciousness. Read more...Collapse )
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